- medium Height: Standard variety: 22 cm (9 in) Miniature variety:
12 cm (5 in) Weight: Standard variety: 6.5 - 11.5 kg (15-25 lb).
Miniature variety: 4.5 kg (9-10 lb). Life Span: 13 years Grooming:
Varies with variety Exercise: Reasonable Feeding: Undemanding
Temperament: Independent & brave Country of Origin: Germany AKC
Group: Hound Other Names: Zwergteckel (miniature), Normalschlag
General Appearance: Low to ground, short legged and long
bodied. Colour: Any solid colour is permitted. No white is allowed
in the Smooth-Haired variety. Coat: Smooth-haired breeds have a
short, dense, smooth coat. The Long-Haired have a soft, straight and
slightly wavy coat. The Wire-Haired variety has shaggy eyebrows and
a beard. The outercoat is harsh and short and the undercoat is
dense. Tail: Set high, carried level with the back and not curved.
Ears: Set high, moderately long, rounded tips and hanging close to
the cheeks. Body: Long and low body, level back, tucked up belly,
deep chest and short forearms.
Temperament: Active, hardy, courageous and independent. These
dogs make good family companions and guard dogs. Dachshunds respond
well to training, but they can also have a mind of their own and
require firm discipline. This breed usually gets on with other dogs
and can be overly-brave when approaching larger dogs. They should be
socialised with other household pets at an early age to prevent
difficulties later on.
Grooming: Grooming is easy and straight forward for the
Smooth-Haired variety. Occasional grooming with a rubber brush is
sufficent to remove the dead hairs. The Wire-Haired and Long-Haired
varieties are more demanding and do require frequent brushing to
maintain a healthy knot-free coat. The ears need to be kept clean
and the claws trimmed short.
Exercise: Dachshunds need a reasonable level of exercise to
keep fit. They should be kept on a lead when out in public, as their
natural hunting instincts will probably cause them to run off. It is
best to avoid unnecessary strain on their backs, such as excessive
running up and down stairs.
Feeding: Dachshunds tend to eat almost anything they are
given and can easily become overweight.
History: The name 'Dachshund' originates from the German word
'dachs' meaning badger. Being a short legged breed makes them ideal
for going into burrows. Their shortened legs are believed to have
evolved through the mutation of genes. The Wire-Haired variety came
about through cross-breeding with Dandie Dinmont lines and the
Long-Haired variety was developed through crosses with German
The miniature Dachshund variety are replicas of the standard breed,
except for the difference in size. Their smaller size was developed
so they could easily get into rabbit burrows. In the past all the
varieties of Dachshunds suffered from severe back problems because
there was a tendancy to breed for longer backs, without the
structural build being taken into account. These days the breeds are
much healthier and in proportion, but it is a good idea to buy from
an experienced breeder. The Smooth-Haired Dachshund is the original
type of this dog family. The Wire-Haired and Long-Haired types were
produced when the Smooth-Haired was crossed with other breeds.
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